Aerial view Lake Berryessa on Google Maps
The Lake Berryessa attack differed from the previous two crimes at Lake Herman Road and Blue Rock Springs, in that the killer used a gun, but then switched to a knife in the brutal attack on Bryan Calvin Hartnell (20) and Cecelia Ann Shepard (22).
The couple were enjoying a pleasant picnic at Lake Berryessa by Twin Oak Ridge on September 27th 1969, almost three months after the Blue Rock Springs Park attack, when Cecelia Shepard became aware of a man close by acting strangely. The man was observed taking refuge behind a tree, before adorning himself with a black executioners hood and a waistline bib, decorated with the now familiar trademark Zodiac crossed circle, along with a pair of clip-on sunglasses. He then approached the young couple pointing a gun, to which Cecelia would alert Bryan with the words, "Oh my God he's gotta gun". See the relevant locations here.
Cecelia Shepard would later recall these details to Deputy Dave Collins after the attack, to which Dave Collins was recalling in the 2007 Zodiac documentary. She said: "Brian and I were here on the blanket, down by the water and we're just enjoying the afternoon having a nice time talking and I saw this guy, he was coming down the hillside and he seemed to stop and watch us, looking at us". Dave Collins asked Cecelia "what distance, how far away was he", to which Cecelia pointed to an area and I said "that's about 200-300 yards away". She added "that's where I first saw him".
"And then as we continued enjoying the afternoon watching the water, reading, I glanced and noticed he would get closer and closer, and pretty soon he was within 75-100 feet away, and I told Brian that guy has come down here". Dave Collins recalled the conversation between him and Cecelia, stating that "she then looked again and he had gone, and I said where did he go. She said he stepped behind a tree. And I asked her if she saw him clearly before he put the hood on and she said she did. And I said what did he look like, and she said well he...I said what color was his hair and she said it was brown. What race was he...he was white, and I said how about his eyes, could you see the color of his eyes and she said no, he had dark glasses on underneath the hood. But she said his hair hung down across his forehead and was showing through the eye-holes"......
David Collins (Retired Napa County Sheriff) speaking on 'This is the Zodiac Speaking' documentary in 2007 ..... "The information I am relaying to you now, is information I got directly from Cecelia Shepard. It is accurate for what she told me, because I kept notes and I immediately did a report the following morning".
The man claimed to be an escaped convict from Deer Lodge, Montana, having just killed a prison guard and stolen a car. He requested Bryan Hartnell's car keys and money, to which Bryan Hartnell duly obliged. He then spoke to the man for several minutes to try and form some sort of rapport in an attempt to protect them both from any harm, but the man appeared on a mission, taking some white plastic clothesline from his belt, before ordering Cecelia Shepard to tie up Bryan Hartnell. It was at this point, Bryan Hartnell suggested to his companion that he felt he could make a grab for the gun, but Cecelia told him not to try anything, fearing it may make the situation worse. During this brief exchange, the assailant had stepped back two or thee feet - just out of reach - and the chance was lost forever. The hooded figure then bound up Cecelia Shepard.
While the couple were hogtied on the ground, Bryan Hartnell asked the assailant if the gun was really loaded, to which the man pulled out the gun, took out the clip and showed Bryan Hartnell, that indeed it was. He then proceeded to stab the victims numerous times, Hartnell was stabbed six times in the back, then Shepard ten times in the back and abdomen - with Cecelia frantically rolling around and clearly terrified by her ordeal. Bryan, obviously fearing they were about to lose their lives, stopped breathing in an attempt to feign death, realizing if he thrashed around the killer would return to finish him off. Fortunately for Bryan his tactic worked and the cold-blooded executioner ceased his attack and walked off into the distance, back up the hillside trail.
Once the couple had managed to loosen their bindings, Bryan Hartnell valiantly struggled his way back up the incline towards the nearby road, where he was eventually aided by park ranger Dennis Land. Immediately after the 6:30 pm attack on Bryan Hartnell and Cecelia Shepard at Lake Berryessa, one key eyewitness, Ronald Henry Fong (39) was circling the lake in his boat and responded to the cries of Bryan Hartnell. Ronald Fong turned his engine on and motored away to seek help at the Rancho Monticello Resort. It was at this point Ranger Sergeant William White received a call from Park Headquarters regarding the attack and proceeded to the Rancho Monticello Resort at 6:55 pm. It is here Ronald Fong relayed his observations to Sgt William White as to the young couple in distress, and both, along with Archie White and Elizabeth White traveled via speedboat to the crime scene to offer assistance to both Bryan Hartnell and Cecelia Shepard. The time is now 7:10 pm.
At this time, Ranger Dennis Land arrived in his truck, carrying the stricken Bryan Hartnell, who had managed to crawl his way towards the road. At approximately 7:10 pm or very shortly after, Sgt William White radioed Park Headquarters to summon an ambulance and deputies to the crime scene. We know the 7:10 pm estimate is about right, because help arrived via Piner's ambulance from Napa to the crime scene at approximately 7:55 pm, and returned back to the Queen of the Valley Hospital arriving at 8:50 pm. That is an approximate journey time of 45 minutes each way, including 10 minutes negotiating the crime scene.
Deputy Ray Land and Sergeant David Collins were dispatched directly to the crime scene from St Helena and Napa respectively. Sgt David Collins spoke on the documentary 'This is the Zodiac Speaking' "It took us a half hour from Napa and/or St Helena to arrive at the location. And we later found out of course that crime had occurred at least half an hour before we were notified". They were notified at 7:10 pm, so arrived on scene at approximately 7:40 pm. It would be a further 15 minutes before the ambulance would arrive at 7:55 pm - now of course, 85 minutes after the attack with both victims in critical condition. The time of 7:40 pm is also the time the killer placed his call from the Napa Car Wash payphone.
At this point the victims are being tended to by the respondents, including David Collins, who took a statement from Cecelia Shepard (the one described above) regarding the movements and description of the killer. At this point, David Collins and both victims were unaware that this crime was the work of the Zodiac Killer, only that an assailant had brutally stabbed the young couple. Detective Sergeant Kenneth Narlow and Richard Lonergan were contacted regarding the attack at 8:20 pm, at which time the ambulance would have been approaching mid-route to the hospital and both officers were sent to see if they could interview the couple. Both proceeded to the Queen of the Valley Hospital for investigative purposes, where the stricken couple were being taken. The two victims arrived at the hospital at 8:50 pm.
Although the couple survived the initial attack, Cecelia Shepard succumbed to her extensive injuries two days later at the Queen of the Valley Hospital, described as cerebral anoxia, due to internal and external hemorrhage from the knife wounds. The following day, during an interview with Sergeant John Robertson at the Queen of the Valley Hospital, Hartnell stated that during his conversation with the killer, the man had said, "I just got out of ......some prison in Montana", with Hartnell trying to recollect the name of the prison, and said "its some double name, like Fern Lock or something". When aided by Sgt John Robertson saying, "Its Lodge", Hartnell replied: "Oh yeah, yeah at least we know we're together on that". to which the police sergeant said "Mountain Lodge Prison, or something of that nature" and Hartnell replied "Yeah. You know he broke out and had to kill a guard getting out".
It has been speculated that the prison mentioned by the killer was Deer Lodge Prison in Montana, however, this may have been arrived at by leading questions being thrown at Bryan Hartnell from the investigator while he was still recovering under heavy sedation - and cannot therefore be wholly relied upon as fact. Bryan Hartnell described his attacker as having brown hair, 225-250 lbs in weight and 5'8'' to 5'10'' in height, but admitted he was a bad judge of height because he was so tall. Bryan also stated that the assailant had a unique way of talking, with John Robertson (his interviewer) correcting himself, stating "Bryan, you mentioned a drawl. Well not a drawl, an accent".
He further stated the assailant wore a black-hooded mask made of a cloth material, covering his entire head and shoulders and reaching down to the waist. On the front of the four cornered mask at the chest area was a white circle (3 x 3 inches inches in diameter) and a symmetrical cross. In the police report Bryan Hartnell backed up Cecelia Shepard and stated that "he could see hair through the mask's eyelets and observed the hair to be dark brown". Bryan Hartnell in the 2007 documentary remarked that Cecelia Shepard "saw a man over there" and "he went behind a tree". He went on to say "I'll tell you another thing that probably made me think that it was somebody over there, it wasn't an improved park site, there wasn't regular established bathroom, so if you had to go to the restroom you'd just kinda get outta eye-shot of whoever you were with or go behind a tree like that".
Cecelia Shepard was still conscious when Deputy Dave Collins arrived on the scene and was told by Shepard that her assailant was "just may'be a little taller than you, may'be an inch". Deputy Collins was 5'10''. It would be later that Sergeant David Collins would head towards the roadside to examine the tire impressions and car door. He said "After the ambulance took the victims to the hospital in Napa (remember it arrived at approximately 7:55 pm, so likely left around 8:05 pm, to arrive at the Queen of the Valley Hospital at 8:50 pm), and while waiting for detectives from the Sheriff's Department to arrive Deputy Land talked to the witnesses and obtained statements from them. I began a search for evidence and discovered a footprint that led from Berryessa Knoxville Road to the victims and back again, which was totally separate from the shoes that they were wearing. When I went to the roadway I saw the white Karmann Ghia and I saw tracks leading away from it". He further added "I looked at the Karmann Ghia, and on the passenger door the circle with the vertical and horizontal line through it was displayed on the door and there were several dates, and then it ended with September 27th 1969, 6:30 pm, by knife, which was our crime, so he had left his calling card, which is what he had done. I recognized the symbol on the door as being the same symbol she had described on the hood".
The roadway observations occurred after 8:00 pm, once the ambulance had departed the scene, making any Zodiac styled payphone message at 7:40 pm, to be incontrovertibly linked back to the crime scene, and one perpetrator of the crime and call. The assailant left visible footprints to and from the crime scene, later believed to be a 10 and one half style military boot called Wing Walkers. The distance from the Karmann Ghia to the crime scene was approximately 510 yards. But in what became a familiar trait throughout the Zodiac investigation the killer left a message - this time on the couple's car door, written with a black marker pen. It read: Vallejo 12-20-68, 7-4-69, Sept 27-69 - 6:30. by knife
After the attack, the killer drove to the 1231 Main Street phone booth, 27 miles away in downtown Napa and placed a call at 7:40 pm to the Napa Police Department claiming responsibility and knowledge of the latest attack. Relief police dispatcher Dave Slaight took the call and heard the killer utter the words: "I want to report a murder, no, a double murder. They are two miles north of Park Headquarters. They were in a white Volkswagen Karmann Ghia" - and after a brief pause uttered the words - "I'm the one that did it". At 8:35 pm Officer Kenneth Narlow was informed by Station One that the possible suspect in the double stabbing had placed the payphone call to Dave Slaight close to the intersection of Main and Clinton Streets in Napa, close to a car wash. Kenneth Narlow duly contacted Deputy Harold Snook and immediately dispatched him to the payphone to process for evidence, where a palm print was retrieved - although it was later unable to supply any matches.
The autopsy report on Cecelia Shepard read 'Dr DE Petris further stated that after examining the wounds inflicted on Miss Shepard it was his opinion that the weapon used would be from 9 to 11 inches in length and one inch in width and possibly sharpened on both sides on the top of the blade similar to a bayonet type weapon. In addition the wounds indicated it would be a heavy or sturdy type blade'.
View Zodiac news footage from 1969 including interview with Bryan Hartnell.
Earlier on in the day, the three girls from Pacific Union College "parked their vehicle at a location two miles north of the A & W Root Beer stand on Knoxville Road". The Sugar Loaf Park A & W was situated at 5100 Knoxville Road. They would have parked their vehicle somewhere in or between the region of Smittle Creek Trailhead and Smittle Creek Day Use Area. They arrived at 3:30 pm.
As they left their vehicle to go sunbathing, a white male, driving a silver or light blue Chevrolet 2-door sedan with California plates pulled up to the rear of their car, bumper to bumper, yet remained inside his vehicle. This man would seemingly remain in his vehicle for approximately 30 minutes before they spotted him again, observing them from about 40 to 50 feet away while they were sunbathing. Each time they looked at him he seemingly evaded eye contact, thus drawing suspicion from the three women. He was described as being between 28 and 40 years, 200-225 pounds, 6 feet tall, styled black hair, with rounded eyes and thin lips - he was good looking, with a muscular or stocky build, wearing dark pants and a dark pullover shirt. He remained observing them, by their accounts, for between 30-45 minutes and then left. At 4:30 pm they decided to leave the shores of Lake Berryessa and noticed his vehicle had gone. But in a curious observation, one of the girls thought he was wearing a white belt around his back - or possibly what could have been a tee shirt hanging out. Another girl stated he was wearing a black short sleeved sweater shirt, bunched up at the front, again describing a white tee shirt hanging out the back.
The police report stated that after they had arrived at 3:30 pm "approximately one-half hour had passed (4:00 pm), they observed what appeared to be the same subject standing with 40 or 50 feet of them, apparently observing them. The subject hung around the area for approximately 30 to 45 minutes (4:30pm-4:45 pm) and then the girls observed him walk up the hill". The subject then had to traverse the hillside to his vehicle (several minutes). However, one page later in the police report, it stated "The three girls left the area about 4:30 pm and the subject's vehicle was gone". Therefore, we have to estimate the man left that location sometime between 4:30 pm and 4:55 pm.
Did the bunched up sweater shirt hide anything sinister. Bryan Hartnell thought the attacker to be 20-30 years (by voice concept), with dark brown hair visible through the hood, wearing dark blue or black pleated slacks,
5' 8" to 6' 0" tall and 225-250 pounds. He also noticed a knife in a case on the right side of his belt, near the front of his trousers and cut up rope in the assailant's rear pocket. It was the type similar to white plastic clothesline. Could the descriptions given by two of the girls, describing a white belt around his back or white tee shirt 'hanging out', actually have been the cut lengths of plastic clothesline trailing from his rear pocket in anticipation of a prepared attack on the girls, but for whatever reason got cold feet, changed his mind and turned to Bryan Hartnell and Cecelia Shepard approximately two hours later. Their descriptions, including reiterations, are as follows;
#1. "A subject driving a late model silver-blue Chevrolet, 2-door sedan. This subject was described as 6' tall, weighing 200/210 pounds, muscular build, rather nice looking".
#2. "Vehicle described as a 1966 or 1967 light blue Chevrolet with California plates. Witness believes the vehicle was a 2-door sedan and described the taillights as long rather than round".
#3. "Subject was described as approximately 28 years of age, 6'1" to 6'2" tall, 200/225 lbs, black hair possibly styled, with a part on the left, rounded eyes, thin lips, medium nose, straight eyebrows, small ears, well built, rather nice looking".
#4. "Vehicle was described as a late model Chevrolet, sky blue in color. The rear taillights appeared to be long rather than round. She described the subject as 6' tall, stocky build, about 200 lbs, black short-sleeved sweater shirt, dark blue slacks, and straight dark hair neatly combed. She guessed his age at approximately 30 years".
The police reporting and press coverage following the Lake Berryessa attack held back key information about the crime, so as to validate any possible future contact from the killer. A portion of the the car door in evidence had been covered over to conceal the phrase 'by knife,' and reporting of the crime also left out this key piece of information, as seen here in a Tuscaloosa news article from October 17th 1969. However, despite this attack being the most theatrical offering yet from the Zodiac Killer, he failed to capitalize on this crime in subsequent communications with the San Francisco Chronicle, never once detailing his involvement in the Lake Berryessa stabbings.
The Zodiac Killer would wait only two weeks to commit his fifth murder in ten short months, when in San Francisco he callously executed taxicab driver Paul Stine on October 11th 1969. In this crime he had no difficultly in resuming his correspondence with newspapers, mailing a letter to the San Francisco Chronicle just two days after the murder, including a torn blooded section of Paul Stine's shirt within the correspondence as to validate its authenticity.
This would be the last confirmed murder of the Zodiac Killer.
The Tuscaloosa News - Zodiac the Killer
Click to enlarge photograph. Bryan Calvin Hartnell was a student at Pacific Union College in Angwin. Cecelia Ann Shepard was a student at the University of California in Riverside. Both had been enjoying a day out by the shores of Lake Berryessa, just off the Knoxville Road, when the calm was shattered by a ruthless killer. Both victims were stabbed numerous times. The victims initially survived the attack and were taken by Piner's Ambulance to the Queen of the Valley Hospital, arriving at 8.50 pm. Bryan Hartnell survived to recount his story, but unfortunately Cecelia Shepard died two days later.
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An edited version of the real payphone at Napa, showing the position of the phone when first discovered by police. The police report stated ""Reporting officer then approached the phone booth and noted the receiver of the phone was off the hook, and laying on the shelf with the mouthpiece directly under the phone unit, the earpiece protruding to the south and the openings on the receiver facing the east wall of the booth - the folding door being the south enclosure of the booth".